Technological progress has revolutionized the modern world. Invention of IoT has led the researchers to explore the intricacies of : smart objects, its remote sensing abilities and interoperability across the network infrastructure.
The term IoT is expanded as Internet of Things, where each thing(smart object) is uniquely identifiable through its embedded computing system and is able to interoperate with other smart objects within the existing Internet infrastructure. Interconnection of these embedded devices is expected to usher in automation in several fields.
Smart objects or things are mixture of hardware, software, data and service. It includes variety of devices such as electronic chips, circuit boards or sensors, and operates using technologies like Near Field Communication, Bluetooth Low Energy and other communication methods. Latest IoT Solutions finds application in several modern systems such as smart homes, smart grids, smart logistics, smart cities et.al.
Smart Homes: Smart homes use ‘home automation’ technologies to provide homeowners with intelligent feedback and information by monitoring many aspects of a home.
Smart home’s refrigerator, for example, may be able to catalogue its contents, suggest menus, recommend healthy alternatives, and order replacements as food is used up. Smart home may also control home utilities such as lighting, temperature, multimedia, security, window and door operations, and other functions.
Smart Grids: It allows two-way digital communication technology with the devices associated with the grid. Two-way communication transpire between the device in the field and the utility’s network operations center.
Each device on the network can be given sensors to gather data remotely from: power meters, voltage sensors, fault detectors etc. Smart grid’s automation technology lets the utility to adjust and control each individual device or millions of devices from a central location.
Smart Logistics: It automates shipping and delivery by exactly predicting the time of arrival, provides detailed item visibility data from the manufacturer to the retailer. In-transit visibility are cloud-based GPS and Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technologies, which provide identity, location, and other tracking information.
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