Technological progress has revolutionized the modern world. Invention of IoT has led the researchers to explore the intricacies of : smart objects, its remote sensing abilities and interoperability across the network infrastructure.
The term IoT is expanded as Internet of Things, where each thing(smart object) is uniquely identifiable through its embedded computing system and is able to interoperate with other smart objects within the existing Internet infrastructure. Interconnection of these embedded devices is expected to usher in automation in several fields.
Smart objects or things are mixture of hardware, software, data and service. It includes variety of devices such as electronic chips, circuit boards or sensors, and operates using technologies like Near Field Communication, Bluetooth Low Energy and other communication methods. Latest IoT Solutions finds application in several modern systems such as smart homes, smart grids, smart logistics, smart cities et.al.
Smart Homes: Smart homes use ‘home automation’ technologies to provide homeowners with intelligent feedback and information by monitoring many aspects of a home.
Smart home’s refrigerator, for example, may be able to catalogue its contents, suggest menus, recommend healthy alternatives, and order replacements as food is used up. Smart home may also control home utilities such as lighting, temperature, multimedia, security, window and door operations, and other functions.
Smart Grids: It allows two-way digital communication technology with the devices associated with the grid. Two-way communication transpire between the device in the field and the utility’s network operations center.
Each device on the network can be given sensors to gather data remotely from: power meters, voltage sensors, fault detectors etc. Smart grid’s automation technology lets the utility to adjust and control each individual device or millions of devices from a central location.
Smart Logistics: It automates shipping and delivery by exactly predicting the time of arrival, provides detailed item visibility data from the manufacturer to the retailer. In-transit visibility are cloud-based GPS and Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technologies, which provide identity, location, and other tracking information.
By putting an RFID chip in a pallet, for example, and a combined integrated device in the shipment vehicle, data is transferred into the cloud, and the devices can identify the pallet and not only share its position using GPS coordinates, but also bring in other data like weather conditions, traffic conditions, and driver-specific data i.e., driving pattern, average speed etc.
Smart Cities: Smart city is an urban development vision to integrate multiple information and communication technology and Internet of Things (IoT) solutions in a secure fashion to manage a city.
It involves management of schools, libraries, transportation systems, hospitals, power plants, water supply networks, waste management, law enforcement, and other community services with the assistance of technology.
Nowadays mobile app development companies also engage themselves in Smarthome App Development to furnish home automation solutions. It allows the smartphone user to control through the device all the possible digital electronics equipment inside their home that features home automation attributes.
The widespread adoption of the Internet of Things will take time, but the time line is advancing thanks to improvements in underlying technologies. Advances in wireless networking technology and the greater standardization of communications protocols make it possible to collect data from these sensors almost anywhere at any time.
With many organizations willing to adopt IoT to revolutionize their enterprises, the cutting edge technology is expected to get more acceptance in the years to come.
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